Next.js as a Static Site Generator

Next.js is commonly recognized for its server-side rendering capabilities, but NextJS is also a powerful tool for static site generation (SSG).

This framework from Vercel allows developers to create pre-rendered, static HTML websites using React.

What How
Host for Free Firebase / Cloudflare Pages / GitHub Pages
Themes FREE Themes
Language JavaScript (React)
Backed up by Vercel

What sets Next.js apart is its ability to combine the best of both worlds: the dynamic capabilities of server-side processes and the performance benefits of static sites.

Next.js is an open-source React framework for creating websites and applications.

The NextJS Project

Next.js, a popular React framework that allows us to build fast and scalable web apps.

Why Choose Next.js for SSG?

Next.js offers several features that make it an attractive choice for static site generation.

  • Automatic Page Optimization: Next.js automatically optimizes pages by statically generating them as HTML at build time.
  • Incremental Static Regeneration (ISR): Update static content after deployment without needing to rebuild the entire site.
  • Hybrid Pages: You can use both static generation and server-side rendering in the same project, choosing the most appropriate method for each page.
  • Rich Ecosystem: Leverage the entire React ecosystem, including CSS-in-JS libraries, TypeScript support, and powerful data fetching libraries.

NextJS provides both SSR and static site generation


Getting Started with Next.js for Static Site Generation

To begin with Next.js SSG, you’ll need a basic understanding of React. Here’s a quick guide to set up a Next.js project for static generation:

  1. Set Up Your Development Environment:
    • Make sure Node.js is installed on your computer.
    • Create a new Next.js project by running npx create-next-app your-project-name.
    • Navigate into your project directory with cd your-project-name.
How to Install a specific NodeJS version
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.38.0/install.sh | bash
source ~/.bashrc
nvm install 20.12.2
nvm use 20.12.2

node --version
npm --v
  1. Find a NextJS Theme
Startup 😎
Image Centered Blog 🎥
Photo Gallery 📷
Image Centered Blog 🖼️
Awsome Docs 📑
Portfolio - Links 📥
  1. Developing Your Site:

    • Use the pages directory to add new pages. Each JavaScript or TypeScript file in this directory automatically becomes a route based on its file name.
    • Utilize static generation by exporting getStaticProps (for fetching data at build time) and getStaticPaths (for dynamic routes) in your page components.
  2. Building and Deploying:

    • Run next build to build the static version of your site.
    • Deploy your site by uploading the out directory to any static hosting provider like Vercel, Netlify, or even an AWS S3 bucket.

Enhancing Your Static Site

  • SEO Optimization: Use Next.js’s built-in support for SEO enhancements, like meta tags and structured data, to improve your site’s visibility.
  • Performance Optimization: Implement image optimization with Next.js’s Image component and leverage automatic code splitting.
  • Dynamic Features: Incorporate dynamic elements using client-side JavaScript or API calls that run in the browser.

Where to Host Your Next.js SSG?

NextJS 💟 Cloudflare Pages

I am getting ~15ms when I ping my website using Cloudflare Pages

Other Options for Free NextJS Hosting

  • Host your Next.js SSG on Firebase for scalable hosting and integrated services like authentication, database, and analytics.

    • How to use Firebase to Host a NextJS Static Web
    • Next.js with Firebase Pros and Cons
      • Pros:
        • Scalable hosting with integrated services.
        • Easy setup and management.
      • Cons:
        • Limited customization options.
        • May not be suitable for high traffic websites.
  • Easily host your Next.js SSG on GitHub Pages, perfect for static sites with seamless integration with your GitHub repository.

    • How to use GitHub Pages to Host a NextJS Static Web
    • Next.js with GitHub Pages Pros and Cons
      • Pros:
        • Free hosting with seamless integration with GitHub.
        • Good for personal projects or documentation sites.
      • Cons:
        • Limited to static sites only.
        • Limited customization options.
  • If they stop being generous, you can always self-host NextJS ✅:
    • HTTPs with an Nginx server
    • From any old laptop at home with Cloudflare Tunnels
    • These options gives you full control and is a great choice if you prefer open-source solutions

Conclusion

Next.js is more than just a tool for server-side rendering; it’s a robust solution for building static sites that are fast, scalable, and dynamic.

With features like Incremental Static Regeneration and the ability to create hybrid sites, Next.js offers flexibility and performance that are hard to match with other SSGs.

If you need help with HTML: https://github.com/ghoshnirmalya/writy


FAQ

Can Next.js handle high traffic on static sites?
Yes, static sites generated with Next.js are highly scalable and can handle high levels of traffic, as the majority of resources are static and can be served directly from a CDN.
How does ISR differ from traditional SSG?
Incremental Static Regeneration allows pages to be re-generated in the background as traffic comes in, which means your site can be updated without full redeployments and without sacrificing performance.

JS Package Management

JavaScript package management is like having a well-stocked toolbox for your coding projects.

It’s all about efficiently managing the external libraries and tools your project relies on.

This means you spend less time hunting down and manually installing each piece, and more time actually building your ideas.

JavaScript Package Management: npm, Yarn, and Bun Explained 😮

npm (Node Package Manager):

  • Description: npm is the default package manager for Node.js and JavaScript.
  • Pros:
    • Huge package ecosystem: npm hosts the largest registry of JavaScript packages.
    • Integrated with Node.js: npm comes bundled with Node.js, making it readily available.
    • Easy to use: npm offers simple commands for package installation, publishing, and management.
  • Cons:
    • Inconsistent dependency resolution: npm’s dependency resolution algorithm can lead to dependency conflicts.
    • Slower performance: npm’s installation process can be slower compared to other package managers.

Yarn:

  • Description: Yarn is a fast, reliable, and secure package manager for JavaScript.
  • Pros:
    • Improved performance: Yarn is designed to be faster than npm, especially for large projects.
    • Deterministic installs: Yarn uses a lockfile to ensure consistent dependency resolution across different environments.
    • Offline support: Yarn caches packages locally, allowing for offline installation.
  • Cons:
    • Smaller ecosystem: Yarn’s package ecosystem is not as extensive as npm’s.
    • Less integrated with Node.js: Yarn requires additional setup compared to npm, as it is not bundled with Node.js by default.

Bun:

  • Description: Bun is a modern JavaScript runtime, bundler, and package manager rolled into one.
  • Pros:
    • Speedy performance: Bun is designed for high speed, outperforming other package managers in most benchmarks.
    • All-in-one solution: Combines package management, bundling, and execution environment, simplifying the development process.
    • Modern design: Embraces the latest JavaScript features and optimizations for better efficiency.
  • Cons:
    • Newer on the scene: As a newer tool, it might have fewer resources and a smaller community compared to npm and Yarn.
    • Compatibility issues: May encounter issues with older packages not yet optimized for Bun.

Bun is a fast Javascript package manager (and runtime and bundler…All in one)

By understanding the differences between npm, Yarn and Bun, you can choose the package manager that best suits your project’s requirements and workflow.

This is where the magic of collaboration knows no bounds. When code is shared freely, we can stand on the shoulders of giants and build upon the work of others.

How to install JS Package Managers

npm Installation 🔭 and Version Check

Install npm:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install npm
npm --version
Yarn Installation and Version Check

How to Install Yarn: Yarn requires Node.js to be installed. You can install it using the NodeSource repository:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install yarn
yarn --version

From the repository:

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt update

sudo apt install yarn
yarn --version
Bun Installation 🚀 and Version Check

Bun is an all-in-one toolkit for JavaScript and TypeScript apps. It ships as a single executable called bun.

Install Bun:

curl -fsSL https://bun.sh/install | bash

bun --version

Diagrams with JS

Comparing SSG and SSR

The choice between SSGs and SSR depends on the specific requirements of your project, including your SEO goals, content frequency, and user interaction needs.

In some cases, a hybrid approach using both SSGs and SSR may be the most suitable solution to leverage the benefits of both methods.

The choice is yours 🤘
  • 🔍 SEO Benefits of Static Site Generators (SSGs):

    • Static site generators (SSGs) are advantageous for SEO due to their provision of static HTML pages.
    • Search engine bots can effortlessly crawl and index these pages, leading to faster indexing and potentially better search visibility.
    • SSGs are ideal for content-focused websites or blogs where the content doesn’t change frequently.
  • 🔄 Dynamic Content Rendering with Server-Side Rendering (SSR):

    • Server-side rendering (SSR) excels in rendering dynamic content in real-time, ensuring a more interactive and personalized user experience.
    • With SSR, the server generates HTML for each request, allowing for dynamic data to be loaded dynamically.
    • This approach is perfect for applications or websites that require user-specific data or frequent updates.

Other FREE SSG’s

How to monitor my website uptime

Upptime is the open-source uptime monitor and status page, powered entirely by GitHub.

Icons for NextJS

And more! Font Awesome works with Require.js, Rails with Turbolink, and jQuery!

Just use Real Fav Icon Generator and place in the the proper folder (where the default icons are on your HUGO Theme).

https://favicon.io/favicon-converter/

go to the theme folder
add a /static folder
add the files generated with the website

https://github.com/tabler/tabler-icons https://icons.getbootstrap.com/ https://github.com/tabler/tabler-icons https://iconoir.com/ https://github.com/iconic/open-iconic#License-1-ov-file